Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines: what you need to know

Benzodiazepines are a class of widely prescribed central nervous system depressants which have anxiolytic, hypnotic, anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant effects. Known as minor tranquilizers and mostly used as sleeping pills. .

EFFECTS

Chronic abuse can result in addiction. Acute higher doses lead to drowsiness, slurred words, mood swings, dizziness, muscle relaxation, lethargy, coma and possible death.

INDICATORS

Cranky, tired, have no interest in doing ever day things,

RISKS

Long term use can cause a crippling dependence, deep unconsciousness, dementia, and when large amounts are combined with opiates or alcohol, a fatal overdose could occur.

DETECTION

Many of the benzodiazepines share a common metabolic route, and are excreted as oxazepam and its glucuronide in urine. Oxazepam is detectable in the urine for up to 7 days after drug use.

DETECTION TIME: Urine

3-7 days

DETECTION TIME: Saliva

6 hours (approximately)

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